According to the research conducted by psychologists, color is a strong factor in influencing the psycho-emotional state of a person. In addition, using a certain shade, you can visually change the parameters of the space. These techniques are used by designers in their work, correctly applying cold colors and warm colors in the interior both individually and in harmonious combination.
Today in the review we will tell about the choice of shades and about the basic techniques in the design of apartments, offices and private houses. As a result, each owner will be able to choose the right palette, without resorting to professional stylists.
Table of cold and warm colors: what it is and how to use it correctly
As it was proved by science, there are seven basic colors in nature, and only three fundamental tones for perception by the human eye:
yellow; blue; red.
White is used as an additional color. Any palette can be obtained from these tones; a greater or lesser concentration of a certain hue will make the background warm or cold. Colorists have developed a table of colors. It is a scheme of combination of shades, thanks to which any person will be able to choose the most correct palette for finishing.
This should be known! Mixing the selected palette with white color allows you to control the temperature of the shade.
Circle of shades and their color combinations
Warm colors of the table are what?
Warm tones of color fill the interior with coziness, uplifting and causing positive emotions. These include the following tones:
|Yellow||Pure yellow, as well as all sorts of shades. This is a sunny color that is a priori associated with heat.|
|Red||He is associated with passion and leadership. Calm shades are appropriate in the bedroom, a brighter range is suitable for the living room.|
|Beige||This is a universal tone that fits almost all styles and other colors.|
|Peach||Very gentle tone, thanks to a various tint palette can be used in any premises.|
|Coffee||A diverse palette of warm shades of coffee immediately makes people feel calm. It is visualized with a fragrant drink and relaxation.|
|Silver||It resembles winter and is suitable for people who prefer the cold season.|
|Blue||Saturated color causes a feeling of bottomless sea. The elegant shade gives energy and extra vitality.|
|Blue||It is similar to blue and resembles the sea breeze.|
|Purple||Many have a twofold perception of color. It can be both cold and warm. Gentle tone is associated with spring and blooming flowers.|
|Green||This is an ambiguous color, quite versatile to use. The bright palette fills people with energy and gives a feeling of an influx of forces. A calm range will bring a sense of solitude, it will remind you of nature and summer days.|
How warm colors of paints fit into interior
Warm tones of colors create a cozy atmosphere in the interior. Shades in varying degrees of saturation bring peace and set up to rest. The farther on the scale is the color from the hot red tone, the more it is aimed at relaxation. And vice versa, the closer to him - the more he stimulates active activity.
Yellow and orange
This is the first color of the warm palette. Any manifestation of it immediately fills a person with positive energy. The combination of different shades creates an interesting composition, stimulates creative abilities, encourages to active action and is a powerful motivator.
Palette of yellow shades
Orange is associated with orange in everyone and symbolizes the sun, summer and fire. This is an incredibly positive color, bringing comfort and coziness to the family hearth. Designers recommend using a combination of terracotta and rust color. To cool the situation a little, you can add small blotches of white.
Orange color palette
Beige and Peach
Beige and all its shades are ideal for almost any design. It creates a special comfort and gives absolute peace in the interior. This shade may be dominant, but stylists recommend diluting it with bright details or complementing it in a more saturated tone.
Peach can act as a primary color in any room. It gives a feeling of comfort and incredible comfort. Hue does not commit to anything, it is chosen for the design of any room. In the kitchen, it acts as an appetite stimulant, as it is associated with a juicy fruit.
A variety of peach shades
Red and coffee
Red is a shade of love. In all its manifestations, it symbolizes passion, leadership, and strong character of the owners. The following effects of the palette on a person were noted:
heats the indoor climate; red is often used to decorate a romantic space, and in the kitchen it has a positive effect on appetite. For interior design using different shades. A gentle tone is suitable for the bedroom, and bright for the living room and bathroom. It is important to always maintain a sense of proportion, so as not to make the room too saturated.
Red tone table
As psychologists say, coffee color plays the role of an antidepressant and is able to stabilize the nervous system. In winter, it will warm the room and create a warm atmosphere in it. In the summer, it will be, like a drink of the same name, invigorate and give a positive attitude.
Cool colors in the interior
Cool colors fill the space with freshness and energy. It is easier to wake up with them, they act on the body invigoratingly. Often the palette resembles winter. It is ideal for active and creative people who lack inspiration. It must be remembered that an overabundance of cool color tones will make the interior cool and uncomfortable. Decorators often recommend diluting it with a warm palette.
Silver and blue
Silver is a modern interpretation of gray. It is perfect for a cold range, because it resembles snowflakes. Often it is complemented by blue, blue and purple. If you need to give the interior a little warmth, you can include yellow or green in the design.
Gray silver gamma
Blue is the epitome of elegance and chic in the room. He recalls the sea and the water element. Acts on households as a stimulant of vigor and energy, and gives vitality. It is often used to design the kitchen, as well as the living room. To soften the interior a little, designers recommend diluting it with less bright shades. In addition, it blends perfectly with white.
All shades of blue
Lilac and green
Lilac refers to the cold scale, but despite this, it is associated with many in the spring, awakening after hibernation, and causes only joy and positive emotions. In order to bring associations closer and emphasize spring motifs, it is diluted with the color of wet asphalt and green. Cold or warm purple color harmonizes well with white.
A bright shade of green is the birth of a new life. It is aimed at encouraging activity and gives for this an influx of strength and vigor. A muffled tone will give incredible calm and comfort, will help to achieve emotional balance. It is often used for decoration of dining areas, kitchens, as well as offices and living rooms.
Warm and cold colors in the interior design
There is a huge number of shades, in combination with which warm tones smoothly turn into a cold range and vice versa. Their correct choice will make the interior harmonious and cozy.
Cool shades of red in the interior
Despite the fact that the red color belongs to a warm palette, there is a cold gamut in the range of its shades. There are several subgroups:
light red with a pink tinge; cold cherry and maroon; saturated ruby; dark maroon magenta.
If to generalize, then the cold shades include light shades, as well as saturated red with an admixture of black and blue. The interior looks much more advantageous if there are warm and cold tones in it, without contrasting highlights. The lines should smoothly flow from one form to another, they give volume to the space.
Warm and cold shades of red
The warmest blue color, turning into a shade of sea wave
Psychologists have proven that the use of blue in the interior relieves nervous tension and fatigue. In addition, it has a beneficial effect on sleep. Therefore, it is often used in bedrooms, recreation areas and offices. Expressive shades hint at the welfare of the owners and delicate taste. The deeper the color, the more manifest all these qualities.
However, in a single form, blue can cause melancholy or sadness, so it is recommended to dilute it with warm shades. A more harmonious combination manifests itself when adding green. This color is called teal or a shade of seascapes.Palette blue
All shades of white and warm gray
White is a universal color. It is combined with absolutely any shades and is suitable for different styles. As an independent tone, the atmosphere gives a feeling of airiness and incredible spaciousness. In combination with a warm gamut white color sets the same soft background, and with cold colors it will refresh the interior.
The collection from Benjamin Moore has more than 140 tones of white. It is organized in shades, so you can always choose a cool color with blue, green or gray tint, or a warm palette.
Shades of white
An incredible amount of gray shades allows you to create an interior both in a warm gamut, and in a cold one with a purple tint, as well as with a warm or cold pink color. Do not be afraid to experiment, the main thing is to choose the right composition. It is suitable for classic and retro styles, as well as for cutting-edge designs.
All warm and cool shades of green
The degree of warmth or coldness of a green color depends on the amount of yellow, blue and red halftones in it. In addition, there are still black, gray and white shades, which also affect the color temperature. This is the most favorable range for our psyche and visual perception.
The following shades are related to cold green:
green water; menthol; jade; light gray-green; mint; wormwood; patina; emerald; malachite.
Warm range is more diverse. All shades can be combined into three groups:
yellow-green palette; green color; olive gamma.
The warm palette begins from light semitones and comes to an end with a bright scale.
Green color palette
Color combinations of warm and cold colors in the interior of different rooms
Each person has his own perception of color solutions in the interior and preferences. Making the room, designers recommend to recall the most comfortable places, you can even borrow a palette from nature.
Living room and hallway
The whole family gathers in the living room in the evenings, as well as make friends here. Therefore, it is important to make this room the most comfortable. Warm tones are suitable for a spacious room, while cold ones should be emphasized and highlighted in decor and accessories. For small spaces, preference is given to the cold range, which will visually reveal the boundaries. To the interior did not look boring, you can highlight accents, using bright colors.
At registration of a hall it is important to consider illumination and the area. Designers recommend the following:
cold shades will increase the hallway and fill it with air, choose a dark scale for spacious rooms or as an accent.
Bedroom and children's room
In the bedroom, a person should have a good rest and gain strength before the working day. Best of all this is facilitated by pastel shades and neutral colors. Designers recommend:
in case of sleep disturbances, pastel-blue is suitable; to give a cool interior softness, you can combine blue with beige; for maximum relaxation, choose the natural color of ecru.
When choosing cold and warm colors for children, it is important to start from their nature and degree of activity. The cold range is suitable for dynamic kids. She will have a soothing effect on the child. For calm babies a warm palette is preferable.
Kitchen and bathroom
In the kitchen should focus on the shades that cause appetite. Best of all yellow and orange palette, as well as light green undertones. It is important to observe moderation. You can select only the facades, while leaving the walls neutral. And also apply calm shades for furniture and with an accent to arrange the dining and work areas.
In the design of the bathroom, practicality comes first, so the color should not be chosen in terms of visual perception, but how long it will take to clean up. Monochrome gamma can vary the additional color or pattern. Since the bathroom has a lack of natural light, it is permissible to use contrasts to make it more dynamic.
How cold colors and warm colors can correct interior flaws.
Not always we can independently design and build your house. Most people live in typical apartments and are forced to take their space with all its flaws. Some features of the layout and lighting can be corrected with the help of warm and cold shades of colors. For this, designers recommend the following:
cold palette visually expands the space. The room will appear higher if you choose a cold shade a few shades lighter than the walls for the ceiling surface, in small rooms you should choose cold colors for the walls, another trick works fine in small spaces - the wall opposite the window can be dark. It will visually attract light and push the boundaries of the room, to expand the narrow wall space, along its long side, you need to use warm colors. Even bright and dark shades are allowed, while the side ones are allowed in a cold light scale, and cold colors are chosen for the southern rooms. They create a cool effect. Conversely, warm colors give comfort and warm rooms with windows facing north.
Having read only one article on choosing a color palette and finding out all the intricacies of color is quite difficult. But the general idea has already been formed, and now you know which colors belong to warm and cold. If you wish, you can independently choose the right range for your interior.
Without a designer, can you already correctly apply the table and the temperature of flowers based on your own preferences?
And finally, we propose to watch two videos with recommendations for color selection from designers: