The mini-garden under glass - florarium - is a transparent container with transplanted plants inside. Such a miniature garden requires little attention at all, which is why it is ideal for people who do not have time to take full care of greenery, as well as novice gardeners.
If you have the desire and imagination, you can quickly and easily create this living work of art yourself, and we will tell you how to do it.
Pick a glass container
The container for a mini-garden should be deep enough for the roots of plants. You can buy a new one in the store or use the old one after cleaning it.
Practically any glass container will be suitable for creating a florarium, for example:
- fish tank;
- pharmaceutical flask;
- cases for plants of various forms.
Choose suitable plants
Almost any unpretentious plant can be used in the florarium. Choose several plants with similar characteristics that can grow together. Classical plants for garden behind glass are ferns, moss, succulents, cacti, and others.
Mini garden plants
List of plants suitable for the mini-garden.
Purchase the necessary materials
Here is what you need in order to make a garden under glass - all this you will find in any flower or hardware store:
- Priming. Choose a light soil with plenty of drainage and preferably with the addition of moss or sphagnum.
- Pebbles or gravel. These elements, when backfilled to the bottom, give good drainage, and when added to the surface they give it a neat appearance.
- Activated carbon. If there is no drainage hole in the container, then the addition of pieces of activated carbon is a must.
- Moss. A layer of moss at the bottom of the florarium is useful, like a sponge that absorbs excess moisture.
- Planting tools, gloves and watering can.
- Decorations. This includes small garden gnomes, shells, stones, small statuettes, or aquarium décor.
- Wash the glass container. If the container you chose was previously in use, wash it in soapy water and rinse.
- Add drainage. Mix gravel, pebbles and a large handful of activated carbon. Place a 2.5 cm thick layer of this mixture on the bottom of the container.
- Add a layer of moss. This will prevent the ground from falling down through the stones and will also absorb excess moisture.
- Pour the soil. Depending on the size of the florarium and the length of the plant roots, you will need to fill in from 5 to 8 cm of soil. Lightly tamp the soil to clear air pockets and level the surface. Dig small holes in which you plant plants.
- Start planting plants. Remove the plant from its previous container, shake excess soil from the roots and carefully place it in the hole prepared for it, pour the roots and lightly tamp the soil around the plant. Repeat the same with the rest of the plants.
- Add decorations. You can use moss, stones, shells or figurines to create your unique composition.
- Give the plants some moisture. Lightly pour a mini-garden - this will be enough.
- Water the plants. If your garden under the glass is open, periodically water the plants. Despite the fact that the completely closed florariums do not require watering, open water should be watered about once a week or two. Succulents and cacti can be watered once a month.
- Maintain the health of your plants. If you notice weeds, molds, or diseased plants, remove them immediately. You should also remove fading parts of plants, such as old flowers.
- Arrange airing. If your florarium is closed, it is necessary to air it periodically. Although it is not necessary, but with the withering of plants or the appearance of condensate on the walls of the container, this is not superfluous.